Android 最流行的吸顶效果的实现及代码

开始逐渐领略到ItemDecoration的美~

今天让我 使用 ItemDecoration 来完成 可推动的悬浮导航栏的效果,最终实现的效果如下图:

20161204135240604

具体实现步骤如下:

根据我前面的文章所讲的RecyclerView的基本使用,我们先来完成基本的recyclerView

第一步:布局里写一个RecyclerView

第二步:实例化

recyclerView = (RecyclerView) findViewById(R.id.recyclerView);

第三步:获取所需的数据 (这里我们来个真实点的情景,去联网请求数据)

/** 
    * 联网请求所需的url 
    */  
   public String url="http://api.meituan.com/mmdb/movie/v2/list/rt/order/coming.json?ci=1&limit=12&token=&__vhost=api.maoyan.com&utm_campaign=AmovieBmovieCD-1&movieBundleVersion=6801&utm_source=xiaomi&utm_medium=android&utm_term=6.8.0&utm_content=868030022327462&net=255&dModel=MI%205&uuid=0894DE03C76F6045D55977B6D4E32B7F3C6AAB02F9CEA042987B380EC5687C43&lat=40.100673&lng=116.378619&__skck=6a375bce8c66a0dc293860dfa83833ef&__skts=1463704714271&__skua=7e01cf8dd30a179800a7a93979b430b2&__skno=1a0b4a9b-44ec-42fc-b110-ead68bcc2824&__skcy=sXcDKbGi20CGXQPPZvhCU3%2FkzdE%3D";
//联网获取数据  
       getDataFromNet();
/** 
     * 使用okhttpUtils进行联网请求数据 
     */  
    private void getDataFromNet() {  
        OkHttpUtils.  
                get()  
                .url(url)  
                .build()  
                .execute(new StringCallback() {  
                    @Override  
                    public void onError(okhttp3.Call call, Exception e, int id) {  
                        Log.e("TAG", "联网失败" + e.getMessage());  
                    }  

                    @Override  
                    public void onResponse(String response, int id) {  
                        Log.e("TAG", "联网成功==" + response);  

                        //联网成功后使用fastjson解析  
                        processData(response);  
                    }  
                });  
    }
/** 
     * 使用fastjson进行解析 
     * 
     * @param json 
     */  
    private void processData(String json) {  
        //这里使用GsonFormat生成对应的bean类  
       JSONObject jsonObject = parseObject(json);  

        String data = jsonObject.getString("data");  
        JSONObject dataObj = JSON.parseObject(data);  

        String coming = dataObj.getString("coming");  
        List<WaitMVBean.DataBean.ComingBean> comingslist = parseArray(coming, WaitMVBean.DataBean.ComingBean.class);  

        //测试是否解析数据成功  
//        String strTest = comingslist.get(0).getCat();  
//        Log.e("TAG", strTest + "222");  

         //解析数据成功,设置适配器-->  

        }  

    }

第四步:解析数据成功后,创建并设置适配器,并传递相关数据

//解析数据成功,设置适配器  
           MyRecyclerAdapter adapter = new MyRecyclerAdapter( mContext,comingslist);  
           recyclerView.setAdapter(adapter);

适配器:

public class MyRecyclerAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter {  

    private final List<WaitMVBean.DataBean.ComingBean> comingslist;  
    private final Context mContext;  
    private final LayoutInflater mLayoutInflater;  

    public MyRecyclerAdapter(Context mContext, List<WaitMVBean.DataBean.ComingBean> comingslist) {  
        this.mContext = mContext;  
        this.comingslist = comingslist;  
        mLayoutInflater = LayoutInflater.from(mContext);  
    }  

    @Override  
    public RecyclerView.ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {  
        return new MyViewHolder(mLayoutInflater.inflate(R.layout.date_item, null));  
    }  

    @Override  
    public void onBindViewHolder(RecyclerView.ViewHolder holder, int position) {  
        MyViewHolder myholder = (MyViewHolder) holder;  
        myholder.setData(position);  
    }  

    @Override  
    public int getItemCount() {  
        return comingslist.size();  
    }  

    class MyViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {  
        private TextView mv_name;  
        private TextView mv_dec;  
        private TextView mv_date;  
        private ImageView imageView;  

        public MyViewHolder(View itemView) {  
            super(itemView);  
            mv_name = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.mv_name);  
            mv_dec = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.mv_dec);  
            mv_date = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.mv_date);  
            imageView = (ImageView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.image);  
        }  

        public void setData(int position) {  
            WaitMVBean.DataBean.ComingBean coming = comingslist.get(position);  

            String name = coming.getNm();  
            mv_name.setText(name);  

            String date = coming.getShowInfo();  
            mv_date.setText(date);  

            String dec = coming.getScm();  
            mv_dec.setText(dec);  

            //注:当你发下图片无法打开是,做个字符串替换即可  
            String imagUrl = coming.getImg();  
            String newImagUrl = imagUrl.replaceAll("w.h", "50.80");  

            //使用Glide加载图片  
            Glide.with(mContext)  
                    .load(newImagUrl)  
                    .into(imageView);  
        }  
    }  
}

item的布局:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"  
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
    android:background="#ffffff"  
    android:gravity="center_vertical"  
    android:orientation="horizontal">  

    <ImageView  
        android:id="@+id/image"  
        android:layout_width="70dp"  
        android:layout_height="110dp"  
        android:layout_marginBottom="5dp"  
        android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"  
        android:layout_marginRight="8dp"  
        android:layout_marginTop="5dp" />  

    <LinearLayout  
        android:layout_width="0dp"  
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
        android:layout_marginLeft="6dp"  
        android:layout_weight="1"  
        android:orientation="vertical">  

        <TextView  
            android:id="@+id/mv_name"  
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"  
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
            android:text="神奇動物在哪裏"  
            android:textColor="#000000"  
            android:textSize="15sp" />  

        <LinearLayout  
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"  
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
            android:orientation="horizontal">  

            <TextView  
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"  
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
                android:text="观众"  
                android:textColor="#55000000"  
                android:textSize="14sp" />  

            <TextView  
                android:id="@+id/tv_people"  
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"  
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
                android:text="9.0 "  
                android:textColor="#FFCE42"  
                android:textSize="18sp" />  

            <TextView  
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"  
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
                android:text=" | 专业"  
                android:textColor="#55000000"  
                android:textSize="14sp" />  

            <TextView  
                android:id="@+id/tv_professional"  
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"  
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
                android:text="6.7"  
                android:textColor="#FFCE42"  
                android:textSize="18sp" />  
        </LinearLayout>  

        <TextView  
            android:id="@+id/mv_dec"  
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"  
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
            android:layout_marginTop="8dp"  
            android:text="神奇動物城,法師顯超能"  
            android:textColor="#99000000"  
            android:textSize="11sp" />  

        <TextView  
            android:id="@+id/mv_date"  
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"  
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
            android:layout_marginTop="10dp"  
            android:text="今天165家影院放映2088场"  
            android:textColor="#99000000"  
            android:textSize="11sp" />  
    </LinearLayout>  

</LinearLayout>

第五步:一定不能忘!!!

recycleView不仅要设置适配器还要设置布局管理者,否则图片不显示

GridLayoutManager manager = new GridLayoutManager(this, 1);  
            recyclerView.setLayoutManager(manager);

此时RecyclerView简单的完成效果如下:

20161204141955135

下面开始做 可推动的 悬浮导航栏:

第一步:首先我们来写一个类,它起标记的作用,来放每一个item的对应的悬浮栏的字符串

public class NameBean {  
    String name;  

    public String getName() {  
        return name;  
    }  

    public void setName(String name) {  
        this.name = name;  
    }  
}

第二步:自定义一个SectionDecoration 类 继承 RecyclerView的ItemDecoration

public class SectionDecoration extends RecyclerView.ItemDecoration {  
    private static final String TAG = "SectionDecoration";  

    private List<NameBean> dataList;  

    private DecorationCallback callback;  
    private TextPaint textPaint;  
    private Paint paint;  
    private int topGap;  
    private int alignBottom;  
    private Paint.FontMetrics fontMetrics;  

    public SectionDecoration(List<NameBean> dataList, Context context, DecorationCallback decorationCallback) {  
        Resources res = context.getResources();  
        this.dataList = dataList;  
        this.callback = decorationCallback;  
        //设置悬浮栏的画笔---paint  
        paint = new Paint();  
        paint.setColor(res.getColor(R.color.colorGray));  

        //设置悬浮栏中文本的画笔  
        textPaint = new TextPaint();  
        textPaint.setAntiAlias(true);  
        textPaint.setTextSize(DensityUtil.dip2px(context, 14));  
        textPaint.setColor(Color.DKGRAY);  
        textPaint.setTextAlign(Paint.Align.LEFT);  
        fontMetrics = new Paint.FontMetrics();  
        //决定悬浮栏的高度等  
        topGap = res.getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.sectioned_top);  
        //决定文本的显示位置等  
        alignBottom = res.getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.sectioned_alignBottom);  
    }  

    @Override  
    public void getItemOffsets(Rect outRect, View view, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {  
        super.getItemOffsets(outRect, view, parent, state);  
        int pos = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view);  
        Log.i(TAG, "getItemOffsets:" + pos);  
        String groupId = callback.getGroupId(pos);  
        if (groupId.equals("-1")) return;  
        //只有是同一组的第一个才显示悬浮栏  
        if (pos == 0 || isFirstInGroup(pos)) {  
            outRect.top = topGap;  
            if (dataList.get(pos).getName() == "") {  
                outRect.top = 0;  
            }  
        } else {  
            outRect.top = 0;  
        }  
    }  

    @Override  
    public void onDraw(Canvas c, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {  
        super.onDraw(c, parent, state);  
        int left = parent.getPaddingLeft();  
        int right = parent.getWidth() - parent.getPaddingRight();  
        int childCount = parent.getChildCount();  
        for (int i = 0; i < childCount; i++) {  
            View view = parent.getChildAt(i);  
            int position = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view);  
            String groupId = callback.getGroupId(position);  
            if (groupId.equals("-1")) return;  
            String textLine = callback.getGroupFirstLine(position).toUpperCase();  
            if (textLine == "") {  
                float top = view.getTop();  
                float bottom = view.getTop();  
                c.drawRect(left, top, right, bottom, paint);  
                return;  
            } else {  
                if (position == 0 || isFirstInGroup(position)) {  
                    float top = view.getTop() - topGap;  
                    float bottom = view.getTop();  
                    //绘制悬浮栏  
                    c.drawRect(left, top - topGap, right, bottom, paint);  
                    //绘制文本  
                    c.drawText(textLine, left, bottom, textPaint);  
                }  
            }  
        }  
    }  

    @Override  
    public void onDrawOver(Canvas c, RecyclerView parent, RecyclerView.State state) {  
        super.onDrawOver(c, parent, state);  
        int itemCount = state.getItemCount();  
        int childCount = parent.getChildCount();  
        int left = parent.getPaddingLeft();  
        int right = parent.getWidth() - parent.getPaddingRight();  
        float lineHeight = textPaint.getTextSize() + fontMetrics.descent;  

        String preGroupId = "";  
        String groupId = "-1";  
        for (int i = 0; i < childCount; i++) {  
            View view = parent.getChildAt(i);  
            int position = parent.getChildAdapterPosition(view);  

            preGroupId = groupId;  
            groupId = callback.getGroupId(position);  
            if (groupId.equals("-1") || groupId.equals(preGroupId)) continue;  

            String textLine = callback.getGroupFirstLine(position).toUpperCase();  
            if (TextUtils.isEmpty(textLine)) continue;  

            int viewBottom = view.getBottom();  
            float textY = Math.max(topGap, view.getTop());  
            //下一个和当前不一样移动当前  
            if (position + 1 < itemCount) {  
                String nextGroupId = callback.getGroupId(position + 1);  
                //组内最后一个view进入了header  
                if (nextGroupId != groupId && viewBottom < textY) {  
                    textY = viewBottom;  
                }  
            }  
            //textY - topGap决定了悬浮栏绘制的高度和位置  
            c.drawRect(left, textY - topGap, right, textY, paint);  
            //left+2*alignBottom 决定了文本往左偏移的多少(加-->向左移)  
            //textY-alignBottom  决定了文本往右偏移的多少  (减-->向上移)  
            c.drawText(textLine, left + 2 * alignBottom, textY - alignBottom, textPaint);  
        }  
    }  

    /** 
     * 判断是不是组中的第一个位置 
     * 
     * @param pos 
     * @return 
     */  
    private boolean isFirstInGroup(int pos) {  
        if (pos == 0) {  
            return true;  
        } else {  
            // 因为是根据 字符串内容的相同与否 来判断是不是同意组的,所以此处的标记id 要是String类型  
            // 如果你只是做联系人列表,悬浮框里显示的只是一个字母,则标记id直接用 int 类型就行了  
            String prevGroupId = callback.getGroupId(pos - 1);  
            String groupId = callback.getGroupId(pos);  
            //判断前一个字符串 与 当前字符串 是否相同  
            if (prevGroupId.equals(groupId)) {  
                return false;  
            } else {  
                return true;  
            }  
        }  
    }  

    //定义一个借口方便外界的调用  
    interface DecorationCallback {  
        String getGroupId(int position);  

        String getGroupFirstLine(int position);  
    }  
}

第三步:在向list集合中先把每一个item的 起“标记”作用的字符串都加进去

setPullAction(comingslist);
private void setPullAction(List<WaitMVBean.DataBean.ComingBean> comingslist) {  
        dataList = new ArrayList<>();  

        for (int i = 0; i < comingslist.size(); i++) {  
            NameBean nameBean = new NameBean();  
            String name0 = comingslist.get(i).getComingTitle();  
            nameBean.setName(name0);  
            dataList.add(nameBean);  
        }  
    }

第四步:在setAdapter() 前,为RecyclerView添加ItemDecoration:

recyclerView.addItemDecoration(new SectionDecoration(dataList,mContext, new SectionDecoration.DecorationCallback() {  
               //返回标记id (即每一项对应的标志性的字符串)  
                @Override  
                public String getGroupId(int position) {  
                    if(dataList.get(position).getName()!=null) {  
                        return dataList.get(position).getName();  
                    }  
                    return "-1";  
                }  

                //获取同组中的第一个内容  
                @Override  
                public String getGroupFirstLine(int position) {  
                    if(dataList.get(position).getName()!=null) {  
                        return dataList.get(position).getName();  
                    }  
                    return "";  
                }  
            }));

这样就完成了~

再看一眼最终效果感受一下:

20161204135240604

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