HTML5 Canvas 破碎重组的视频特效

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也许你见过HTML5图片破碎动画特效,实现的原理也挺简单的。但是你应该没有见过视频也可以破碎重组,这个HTML5动画就是利用Canvas的相关特性,实现了点击鼠标让视频破碎重组的效果。在视频区域点击鼠标,即可让该区域的视频破碎,让后经过一段时间后,破碎的区域又可以重组还原,视觉效果非常棒。

HTML代码

<div style="display:none">
		<video id="sourcevid" autoplay="true" loop="true">
			<source src="BigBuckBunny_640x360.mp4" type="video/mp4"/>
			<source src="BigBuckBunny_640x360.ogv" type="video/ogg"/>
		</video>
		<canvas id="sourcecopy" width="640" height="360"></canvas>
</div>
<div>
<center>
	<div style="z-index:1;position:relative;text-align:center;font-size:16px;font-weight:bold;width:1000px;top:60px;">Click video to blow it up!</div>
	<canvas id="output" width="1000" height="600" onmousedown="dropBomb(event, this)" style="border: 0 none">        </canvas>
</center>
</div>

JavaScript代码

var video;
var copy;
var copycanvas;
var draw;

var TILE_WIDTH = 32;
var TILE_HEIGHT = 24;
var TILE_CENTER_WIDTH = 16;
var TILE_CENTER_HEIGHT = 12;
var SOURCERECT = {x:0, y:0, width:0, height:0};
var PAINTRECT = {x:0, y:0, width:1000, height:600};

function init(){
	video = document.getElementById('sourcevid');
	copycanvas = document.getElementById('sourcecopy');
	copy = copycanvas.getContext('2d');
	var outputcanvas = document.getElementById('output');
	draw = outputcanvas.getContext('2d');
	setInterval("processFrame()", 33);
}
function createTiles(){
	var offsetX = TILE_CENTER_WIDTH+(PAINTRECT.width-SOURCERECT.width)/2;
	var offsetY = TILE_CENTER_HEIGHT+(PAINTRECT.height-SOURCERECT.height)/2;
	var y=0;
	while(y < SOURCERECT.height){
		var x=0;
		while(x < SOURCERECT.width){
			var tile = new Tile();
			tile.videoX = x;
			tile.videoY = y;
			tile.originX = offsetX+x;
			tile.originY = offsetY+y;
			tile.currentX = tile.originX;
			tile.currentY = tile.originY;
			tiles.push(tile);
			x+=TILE_WIDTH;
		}
		y+=TILE_HEIGHT;
	}
}

var RAD = Math.PI/180;
var randomJump = false;
var tiles = [];
var debug = false;
function processFrame(){
	if(!isNaN(video.duration)){
		if(SOURCERECT.width == 0){
			SOURCERECT = {x:0,y:0,width:video.videoWidth,height:video.videoHeight};
			createTiles();
		}
		//this is to keep my sanity while developing
		if(randomJump){
			randomJump = false;
			video.currentTime = Math.random()*video.duration;
		}
		//loop
		if(video.currentTime == video.duration){
			video.currentTime = 0;
		}
	}
	var debugStr = "";
	//copy tiles
	copy.drawImage(video, 0, 0);
	draw.clearRect(PAINTRECT.x, PAINTRECT.y,PAINTRECT.width,PAINTRECT.height);

	for(var i=0; i<tiles.length; i++){
		var tile = tiles[i];
		if(tile.force > 0.0001){
			//expand
			tile.moveX *= tile.force;
			tile.moveY *= tile.force;
			tile.moveRotation *= tile.force;
			tile.currentX += tile.moveX;
			tile.currentY += tile.moveY;
			tile.rotation += tile.moveRotation;
			tile.rotation %= 360;
			tile.force *= 0.9;
			if(tile.currentX <= 0 || tile.currentX >= PAINTRECT.width){
				tile.moveX *= -1;
			}
			if(tile.currentY <= 0 || tile.currentY >= PAINTRECT.height){
				tile.moveY *= -1;
			}
		}else if(tile.rotation != 0 || tile.currentX != tile.originX || tile.currentY != tile.originY){
			//contract
			var diffx = (tile.originX-tile.currentX)*0.2;
			var diffy = (tile.originY-tile.currentY)*0.2;
			var diffRot = (0-tile.rotation)*0.2;

			if(Math.abs(diffx) < 0.5){
				tile.currentX = tile.originX;
			}else{
				tile.currentX += diffx;
			}
			if(Math.abs(diffy) < 0.5){
				tile.currentY = tile.originY;
			}else{
				tile.currentY += diffy;
			}
			if(Math.abs(diffRot) < 0.5){
				tile.rotation = 0;
			}else{
				tile.rotation += diffRot;
			}
		}else{
			tile.force = 0;
		}
		draw.save();
		draw.translate(tile.currentX, tile.currentY);
		draw.rotate(tile.rotation*RAD);
		draw.drawImage(copycanvas, tile.videoX, tile.videoY, TILE_WIDTH, TILE_HEIGHT, -TILE_CENTER_WIDTH, -TILE_CENTER_HEIGHT, TILE_WIDTH, TILE_HEIGHT);
		draw.restore();
	}
	if(debug){
		debug = false;
		document.getElementById('trace').innerHTML = debugStr;
	}
}

function explode(x, y){
	for(var i=0; i<tiles.length; i++){
		var tile = tiles[i];

		var xdiff = tile.currentX-x;
		var ydiff = tile.currentY-y;
		var dist = Math.sqrt(xdiff*xdiff + ydiff*ydiff);

		var randRange = 220+(Math.random()*30);
		var range = randRange-dist;
		var force = 3*(range/randRange);
		if(force > tile.force){
			tile.force = force;
			var radians = Math.atan2(ydiff, xdiff);
			tile.moveX = Math.cos(radians);
			tile.moveY = Math.sin(radians);
			tile.moveRotation = 0.5-Math.random();
		}
	}
	tiles.sort(zindexSort);
	processFrame();
}
function zindexSort(a, b){
	return (a.force-b.force);
}

function dropBomb(evt, obj){
	var posx = 0;
	var posy = 0;
	var e = evt || window.event;
	if (e.pageX || e.pageY){
		posx = e.pageX;
		posy = e.pageY;
	}else if (e.clientX || e.clientY) {
		posx = e.clientX + document.body.scrollLeft + document.documentElement.scrollLeft;
		posy = e.clientY + document.body.scrollTop + document.documentElement.scrollTop;
	}
	var canvasX = posx-obj.offsetLeft;
	var canvasY = posy-obj.offsetTop;
	explode(canvasX, canvasY);
}

function Tile(){
	this.originX = 0;
	this.originY = 0;
	this.currentX = 0;
	this.currentY = 0;
	this.rotation = 0;
	this.force = 0;
	this.z = 0;
	this.moveX= 0;
	this.moveY= 0;
	this.moveRotation = 0;

	this.videoX = 0;
	this.videoY = 0;
}

/*
	getPixel
	return pixel object {r,g,b,a}
*/
function getPixel(imageData, x, y){
	var data = imageData.data;
	var pos = (x + y * imageData.width) * 4;
	return {r:data[pos], g:data[pos+1], b:data[pos+2], a:data[pos+3]}
}
/*
	setPixel
	set pixel object {r,g,b,a}
*/
function setPixel(imageData, x, y, pixel){
	var data = imageData.data;
	var pos = (x + y * imageData.width) * 4;
	data[pos] = pixel.r;
	data[pos+1] = pixel.g;
	data[pos+2] = pixel.b;
	data[pos+3] = pixel.a;
}
/*
	copyPixel
	faster then using getPixel/setPixel combo
*/
function copyPixel(sImageData, sx, sy, dImageData, dx, dy){
	var spos = (sx + sy * sImageData.width) * 4;
	var dpos = (dx + dy * dImageData.width) * 4;
	dImageData.data[dpos] = sImageData.data[spos];     //R
	dImageData.data[dpos+1] = sImageData.data[spos+1]; //G
	dImageData.data[dpos+2] = sImageData.data[spos+2]; //B
	dImageData.data[dpos+3] = sImageData.data[spos+3]; //A
}
</script>

本文链接:http://www.codeceo.com/article/html5-broken-video.html
本文作者:码农网 – 小峰
原创作品,转载必须在正文中标注并保留原文链接和作者等信息。]

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